Congenital hemangiomas generally undergo spontaneous resolution; 90% disappear by the time a child reaches age 10. However, removal is indicated if these lesions are growing and/or threatening vital organs.
Treatment options include:
. Oral steroids
. Oral propranolol
. Topical timolol
Kasabach-Merritt syndrome involves the presence of a large congenital hemangioma that destroys platelets and consumes coagulation factors. These lesions appear in the early postpartum period; affected children often have a bleeding diathesis.
. Correcting the coagulopathy
. Addressing the tumor (via surgery, embolization, oral propranolol, oral steroids)
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