NGC is the National Guideline Clearinghouse.
primary and specialist healthcare provider in the evaluation and management of gastroesophageal reflux ( GER) and gastroesophageal reflux disease ( GERD) in the pediatric age group infants, children and adolescents. ... They were written by a joint
37 White, 3 not given Moderate to-severe asthma Patients presented to urban, pediatric ED Pulmonary index ( PI) score of > 8 out of 15; mean 10.2 at entry Beta2-agonist, ... Albuterol nebulized in heliox in the initial ED treatment of pediatric asthma:
July 2007 2 Evidence Table 19. Managing Exacerbations: Magnesium Sulfate Study Population Citation ( Sponsor) Study Design Study N ( Number Evaluable) Population Characteristics Asthma Severity at Baseline ( if reported) Magnesium by Nebulizer
Combination of inhaled long-acting beta2-agonists and inhaled steroids versus higher dose of inhaled steroids in children and adults with persistent asthma.
pubmed.gov - 1/1/05
In asthmatic patients inadequately controlled on inhaled corticosteroids and/or those with moderate persistent asthma, two main options are recommended: the combination of a long-acting inhaled beta2 agonist (LABA) with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) or use of a higher dose of inhaled corticosteroids.|To determine, in asthmatic patients, the effect of the combination of long-acting beta2 agonists and inhaled corticosteroids compared to a higher dose of inhaled corticosteroids on the incidence of asthma exacerbations, on pulmonary function and on other measures of asthma control and to look for characteristics associated with greater benefit for either treatment option.|We identified randomized controlled trials (RCTs) through electronic database searches (MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL), bibliographies of RCTs and correspondence with manufacturers until April 2004.|RCTs were included that compared the combination of inhaled LABA and ICS to a higher dose of inhaled corticosteroids, in
pubmed.gov - 1/1/05
Asthma exacerbations can be frequent and range in severity from relatively mild to status asthmaticus. The use of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) is one of numerous treatment options available during acute exacerbations. While the efficacy of intravenous MgSO4 has been demonstrated, little is known about inhaled MgSO4.|To examine the efficacy of inhaled MgSO4 in the treatment asthma exacerbations.|Randomised controlled trials were identified from the Cochrane Airways Group "Asthma and Wheez*" register. These trials were supplemented with trials found in the reference list of published studies, studies found using extensive electronic search techniques, as well as a review of the gray literature and conference proceedings.|Randomised (or pseudo-randomised) controlled trials were eligible for inclusion. Studies were included if patients were treated with nebulised MgSO4 alone or in combination with beta2-agonist and where compared to beta2-agonist alone or inactive control.|Trial selection,
Update on National Asthma Education and Prevention Program pediatric asthma treatment recommendations.
pubmed.gov - 12/6/04
The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) published an update on selected topics from the 1997 Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma and provided new evidence-based recommendations for asthma treatment. Selected topics on the long-term management of asthma in children addressed the efficacy of inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) compared with other asthma medications (i.e., as-needed beta(2)-adrenergic agonists and other controllers) in mild and moderate persistent asthma and the safety of long-term ICS use. The effects of early intervention with ICSs on asthma progression also were evaluated. An important new aspect of the treatment update entails the recommendation of ICSs as the controller medication of choice for all severities of persistent asthma in children. Additionally, on the basis of studies in adults, the Expert Panel suggested that long-acting beta(2)-adrenergic agonists are now the preferred adjunct to ICSs in children with moderate or